Singh v. Royal Caribbean Cruises, ID Tours New Zealand and White Island Tours

Lipcon, Margulies & Winkleman, P.A

Today we have filed the lawsuit on behalf of the Estate of the Singh family after Paul and Mary Singh both died due to the fatal burns sustained in the volcano eruption at White Island Volcano during a shore excursion provided by Royal Caribbean Cruises.

Pratap “Paul” (49) and Mayuari “Mary” Singh (42) were the living embodiment of the American dream. Paul moved to the U.S. from India in 1992 and successfully began numerous small family businesses in the greater Atlanta area. Mary was a successful insurance agent. They leave behind 3 beautiful children ages 11 or younger.

This is the second such case we have filed following this preventable tragedy. In June of 2020, we filed a similar action against Royal Caribbean on behalf of our clients Lauren Barham and Matthew Urey who were also catastrophically injured in the eruption.

As alleged in the lawsuit filed, the applicable maritime law holds that Royal Caribbean has a well-defined legal duty to warn its passengers of known dangers. As alleged, Royal Caribbean egregiously breached this duty to warn.

With regard to this excursion, Royal Caribbean’s shore excursion brochure merely referred to White Island as “one of the most active volcanoes in the world.” It failed to give any notice or warning that this volcano erupted multiple times in the past ten years, with the most recent being three years earlier. In fact, the volcano erupted in 2016, 2013, 2012, 2000 and several times in the 1980s.

To make matters worse, Royal Caribbean knew or should have known that there was a high potential for the volcano to erupt during this excursion based on the increased alert level issued by New Zealand’s volcano monitoring service, GeoNet, in the weeks and days before Plaintiffs’ cruise.

On November 18, 2019 (three weeks before the incident), the Volcanic Alert Level was raised to 2, which is the highest level it can be when it is not erupting. According to the Volcanic Alert Bulletin, “monitored parameters show[ed] further increases in activity. Hazards on the island [were] now greater than during the past few weeks…. The patterns of signals [were] similar to those through the 2011-2016 period and suggest[ed] that Whakaari/White Island may be entering a period where eruptive activity is more likely than normal…”

Multiple similar Volcanic Alert Bulletins were released and available in the weeks and days leading up to the ill-fated excursion, yet at no time did Royal Caribbean provide any warning or notice regarding any increased likelihood of volcanic activity.

In fact, Royal Caribbean did precisely the opposite. Instead of giving a warning to its passengers to make them aware of the increased danger, by failing to give any notice regarding the danger, passengers were reasonably led to believe that the excursion to the volcano was reasonably safe and without danger.

As alleged in the Complaint, the excursion should have been cancelled immediately upon learning of this increased volcanic activity level. Sadly, it was not. Consequently, 38 passengers were catastrophically injured and 22 died.

After this tragic, preventable incident, Royal Caribbean canceled all shore excursions to active volcanoes, including the subject excursion.

Remarkably, this isn’t the first time Royal Caribbean cancelled a volcano shore excursion. Roughly a year and a half before the subject incident, a group of 23 tourists were injured when a volcano in Hawaii (Kilauea) erupted during their tour. Royal Caribbean temporarily canceled excursions scheduled to visit the area. This incident should have been enough for Royal Caribbean to realize that tours to active volcanoes were unreasonably dangerous. Royal Caribbean should have canceled all excursions to active volcanoes then, instead of waiting for its own passengers to be catastrophically injured and killed.

Perhaps most incredibly, the White Island Volcano in New Zealand is known to be more active than the Kilauea Volcano. This begs the question: Why cancel the Hawaii volcano excursion and not the White Island Volcano excursion when the White Island Volcano is more active, and thus more dangerous than the other?